# What is: Independent Component Analysis?

Year | 2000 |

Data Source | CC BY-SA - https://paperswithcode.com |

**Independent component analysis** (ICA) is a statistical and computational technique for revealing hidden factors that underlie sets of random variables, measurements, or signals.

*ICA defines a generative model for the observed multivariate data, which is typically given as a large database of samples. In the model, the data variables are assumed to be linear mixtures of some unknown latent variables, and the mixing system is also unknown. The latent variables are assumed nongaussian and mutually independent, and they are called the independent components of the observed data. These independent components, also called sources or factors, can be found by ICA.*

*ICA is superficially related to principal component analysis and factor analysis. ICA is a much more powerful technique, however, capable of finding the underlying factors or sources when these classic methods fail completely.*

Extracted from (https://www.cs.helsinki.fi/u/ahyvarin/whatisica.shtml)

**Source papers**:

Blind separation of sources, part I: An adaptive algorithm based on neuromimetic architecture